Wednesday, January 19, 2022

Water to hydrogen and oxygen

 

Water to hydrogen and oxygen

Water to hydrogen and oxygen

How to get water to hydrogen and oxygen? 

It is possible but the systems that are man-made are terribly inefficient and sometimes require additional chemical agents to get it done.  Splitting water into the other forms can take place and nature has done this extremely efficiently.  The natural process is called photosynthesis.  This is done in plants, which are the Earth’s source of oxygen.  Scientists have tried to repeat the process but without success.

There is a process called electrolysis, which can split the hydrogen from the oxygen found in water.  There is also other ways that exist like a catalyst in association with heat.  Electrolysis is a way of splitting water down into its components (hydrogen and oxygen) with the use of electricity.  Something to remember at all times is that Hydrogen gas is highly volatile when it is mixed with oxygen.  The collection of this must be under exceptionally careful and watchful circumstances.


Water to hydrogen and oxygen

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Oxygen can be removed from water in the same fashion as hydrogen.  The electrolysis method will separate the elements pushing electrical currents through the water.  This is used in many commercial applications.  This is the most efficient way to remove elements from water so far and by far the cheapest.

The principle behind this is an electrical power source connected to 2 electrodes or plates made of an inert metal like stainless steel is put in the water. This process will get water to hydrogen and oxygen.  The hydrogen will appear at the negative electrode.  The oxygen will then appear at the positive electrode.  The amount of hydrogen that is generated is usually twice the number of oxygen that is generated.  This is of course only done in ideal and controlled situations.

Industrial electrolysis has complex platinum plates and some even honeycombs as electrodes.  Hydrogen is usually only intentionally produced this way for a reason like oxyhydrogen torches or when really high hydrogen concentration is desired.  Thought the majority of hydrogen is from hydrocarbons and sometimes contains trace amounts of impurities like carbon monoxide.  This can be detrimental to systems including fuel cells.  The hi

gh temperature electrolysis has more of an efficient that the traditional room temperature method.  This is primarily how some of the energy is supplied as heat.  At the higher temperatures, this method is also a more efficient when used. 


There is about 4% hydrogen gas that is produced across the world that is created using electrolysis.  Water electrolysis cannot convert 100 percent of the electrical energy to hydrogen or oxygen.  The process of energy efficiency of electrolysis of water is a varying number with an optimistic side.  Some say between 50 and 80 percent.  This is in regard only to the converting of electrical energy to hydrogen energy.

There is a surprisingly straightforward technique that some chemists found to pull pure oxygen from water.  This uses a relatively low amount of electricity and common chemicals, with room temperature water.  Since the two gases are high energy fuels (oxygen and hydrogen), researchers are proposing using solar electricity to aid in the splitting the elements from water. Then being stored as a fuel source for when the sun is down.

This discovery has large possibilities for a large scale deployment of solar.  The implementation would mean that it could be a viable alternate within the next 10 years.  This is a driving force in the competitiveness for the global energy marketplace.  The chief obstacles of having a green energy are the difficulty of producing large amounts of oxygen and not using high amounts of energy.


Water to hydrogen and oxygen

The possibility of running a vehicle is one that is being worked on and has been found to have viable methods.  These vehicles would only need to undergo a few alterations to make them work.  The process begins with the use of water, salt and an inexpensive metal alloy.  The hydrogen gas that would result in this would be a clean nonpolluting fuel with no external need for oxygen.

Though the system is still crude, they have been able to run a gasoline engine with water using this system.  They used containers using only water and some salt, a large tube that went directly into the carburetor.  When the piece of metal ally was put into the electrolyte mixture, the hydrogen began to form instantly, and at a rapid rate.  The gas then traveled to a main tube and into the carburetor. The motor was started and ran using nothing but water and salt as fuel and the metal ally as a catalyst.  They also stated that seawater could be used as a primary fuel, all of this from water to hydrogen and oxygen for a cleaner greener tomorrow.

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E-Book we recommend for : Water to hydrogen and oxygen

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